Category: Semantics

  • Download E-books Flexibility Principles in Boolean Semantics: The Interpretation of Coordination, Plurality, and Scope in Natural Language (Current Studies in Linguistics) PDF

    By Yoad Winter

    Since the early paintings of Montague, Boolean semantics and its subfield of generalized quantifier thought became the model-theoretic origin for the research of which means in normal languages. This publication makes use of this framework to advance a brand new semantic idea of principal linguistic phenomena concerning coordination, plurality, and scope. The proposed idea uses the traditional Boolean interpretation of conjunction, a choice-function account of indefinites, and a unique semantics of plurals that's not in response to the distributive/collective contrast. the major to unifying those mechanisms is a model of Montagovian semantics that's augmented by means of flexibility rules: semantic operations that experience no counterpart in phonology.This is the 1st ebook to hide those parts in a manner that's either linguistically accomplished and officially specific. On one hand, it addresses questions of basically linguistic obstacle: the semantic capabilities of phrases like and and or in numerous languages, the translation of indefinites and their scope, and the semantic typology of noun words and predicates. nevertheless, it addresses formal questions which are encouraged via the remedy of those linguistic difficulties: using Boolean algebras in linguistics, the right kind formalization of selection services inside generalized quantifier concept, and the extension of this conception to the area of plurality. whereas basically meant for readers with a historical past in theoretical linguistics, the ebook can be of curiosity to researchers and complex scholars in common sense, computational linguistics, philosophy of language, and synthetic intelligence.

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  • Download E-books Semiotics of International Law: Trade and Translation: 91 (Law and Philosophy Library) PDF

    By Evandro Menezes de Carvalho

    Language consists of greater than meanings; language conveys a way of conceiving the realm. during this experience, nationwide criminal platforms expressed via nationwide languages manage the legislation in line with their very own figuring out of fact. foreign legislation turns into, during this context, the assembly aspect the place assorted criminal cultures and varied perspectives of worldwide intersect.

    The range of languages and felony structures can improve the probabilities of realizing and constructing overseas legislation, however it may also symbolize an instability and unsafety issue to the foreign state of affairs. This multilegal-system and multilingual state of affairs provides to the complexity of foreign legislations and poses new demanding situations. one among them is felony translation, that is a box of data ability that has no longer been the topic of theoretical pondering at the a part of felony students. the way to negotiate, draft or interpret a world treaty that mirrors what the events, – who belong to varied felony cultures and who, on many events, communicate varied mom tongues – ,want or desired to say?

    By reading the decision-making technique and the felony discourse followed by means of the WTO’s Appellate physique, this publication highlights the energetic function of language in diplomatic negotiations and in studying overseas legislations. moreover, it additionally exhibits that the controversy at the effectiveness and legitimacy of overseas legislation can't be separated from the linguistic issue.

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  • Download E-books Typological Studies: Word Order and Relative Clauses PDF

    In this ebook, Cinque takes a generative point of view on typological questions on the subject of notice order and to the syntax of relative clauses. particularly, Cinque seems at: the location of the top vis à vis the relative clause in terms of the placement of the verb vis à vis his item; a basic cross-linguistic research of correlatives; the necessity to distinguish a sentence-grammar, from a discourse-grammar, kind of non-restrictives (with languages differing to whether they own either, one, the opposite, or neither); a selective form of extraction from relative clauses; and a tentative caricature of a extra considerable paintings in growth on a unified research of externally headed, internally headed, and headless relative clauses.

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  • Download E-books Ontological Semantics (Language, Speech, and Communication) PDF

    By Sergei Nirenburg

    In Ontological Semantics, Sergei Nirenburg and Victor Raskin introduce a accomplished method of the therapy of textual content which means through machine. Arguing that with the ability to use that means is essential to the luck of ordinary language processing (NLP) functions, they leave from the advert hoc method of which means taken via a lot of the NLP neighborhood and suggest theory-based semantic equipment. Ontological semantics, an built-in complicated of theories, methodologies, descriptions, and implementations, makes an attempt to systematize rules approximately either semantic description as illustration and manipulation of which means through machine courses. it's outfitted on already coordinated "microtheories" protecting such assorted components as particular language phenomena, processing heuristics, and implementation procedure structure instead of on remoted parts requiring destiny integration. Ontological semantics is consistently evolving, pushed through the necessity to make that means manipulation initiatives similar to textual content research and textual content iteration paintings. Nirenburg and Raskin have hence constructed a collection of heterogeneous equipment suited for a selected activity and coordinated on the point of data acquisition and runtime method structure implementations, a strategy that still allows a variable point of automation in all its processes.Nirenburg and Raskin first talk about ontological semantics in terms of different fields, together with cognitive technology and the AI paradigm, the philosophy of technological know-how, linguistic semantics and the philosophy of language, computational lexical semantics, and reports in formal ontology. They then describe the content material of ontological semantics, discussing text-meaning illustration, static wisdom assets (including the ontology, the actual fact repository, and the lexicon), the strategies eager about textual content research, and the purchase of static knowledge.

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  • Download E-books Chick Lit: The Stylistics of Cappuccino Fiction (Advanced in Stylistics) PDF

    By Rocio Montoro

    In fresh instances, Chick Lit has risen to a undeniable point of prominence.  this can be the 1st ebook size learn that appears into the certain beneficial properties of this much-discussed genre.

    Chick Lit is tested relating to its linguistic peculiarities and their position so far as narrative, sociological and feminist matters are involved, among others.  Montoro's stylistics includes a cognitive slant that highlights futher readerly facets of the texts.

    The technique illuminates how the style works, and the way it really is set except others.  during this admire, the stylistics of chick lit is known in its contect of creation and reception.  Montoro evaluates examining techniques and investigates readers' responsive perspective to the genre.

    This interdisciplinary paintings explores the bounds of the stylistics of chick lit and works reflectively, taking a look at how exploring this style may also help the twofold objective of trying out current types of linguistic and cognitive analysis.  will probably be crucial examining for these drawn to state of the art stylistics.
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  • Download E-books Mental Spaces: Aspects of Meaning Construction in Natural Language PDF

    By Gilles Fauconnier

    Psychological areas is the vintage advent to the learn of psychological areas and conceptual projection, as published in the course of the constitution and use of language. It examines intimately the dynamic development of hooked up domain names as discourse unfolds. the invention of psychological area association has changed our notion of language and inspiration: robust and uniform bills of superficially disparate phenomena became to be had within the parts of reference, presupposition projection, counterfactual and analogical reasoning, metaphor and metonymy, and time and element in discourse. the current paintings lays the root for this learn. It uncovers easy and normal rules that lie in the back of the remarkable complexity of daily good judgment.
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  • Download E-books Language Matters: A Guide to Everyday Questions About Language PDF

    By Donna Jo Napoli

    Is Ebonics fairly a dialect or just undesirable English? Do men and women converse in a different way? Will desktops ever rather study human language? Does offensive language damage young children? those are just the various concerns surrounding language that crop up each day. such a lot folks have very convinced evaluations on those questions a technique or one other. but as linguists Donna Jo Napoli and Vera Lee-Schoenfeld indicate during this brief and punctiliously readable quantity, a lot of our such a lot deeply held rules in regards to the nature of language and its function in our lives are both misconceived or prompted by means of myths and stereotypes.

    Language Matters presents a hugely informative travel of the realm of language, analyzing those and different vexing and arguable language-related questions. all through, Napoli and Lee-Schoenfeld motivate and lead the reader to exploit commonsense and daily adventure instead of preconceived notions or technical linguistic services. either their questions and their conclusions are miraculous, occasionally provocative, and regularly entertaining.

    This completely revised moment version updates the e-book with a brand new co-author, and contains new chapters on language and tool, language extinction, and what it's linguists truly do. Language Matters is bound to have interaction either common readers and scholars of language and linguistics at any level.
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  • Download E-books The Semantics of John Stuart Mill (Synthese Historical Library) (Volume 23) (2013-10-04) PDF

    By unknown

    The unique, Dutch model of this ebook served in 1979 as a doctoral disserta­ tion in philosophy on the loose college in Amsterdam. during this preface to the - a little bit revised - English translation, I want once more to specific my gratitude to my supervisors, Prof. J. van der Hoeven of the unfastened collage and Prof. G. Nuchelmans of the college of Leiden, for his or her first-class and stimulating aid. Professor van der Hoeven used to be linked to this undertaking from the outset. It was once a privilege to profit from his incisive commentaries, particularly in these situations the place the target used to be to wreck via to extra primary insights. I shall now not frivolously overlook his pleasant and heartening encouragement. i'm both thankful for my discussions with Professor Nuchelmans. I normally attempted to keep on with his suggestion, because it used to be dependent upon striking expertness and erudition. i'm chuffed to have present in the individual of Herbert Donald Morton, Th.M., M.A., an capable and enthusiastic translator. Drs. Gerben Groenewoud made the translations of a few of the Latin citations. I recognize permission from Routledge and Kegan Paul and the college of Toronto Press to cite from The amassed Works of John Stuart Mill. and that i thank the Netherlands association for the development of natural learn (Z.W.O.) for fmancing this translation.

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  • Download E-books Portuguese: A Linguistic Introduction PDF

    This obtainable 2005 booklet presents a finished advent to the linguistic constitution of Portuguese. truly organised, it covers the imperative themes of syntax, phonology, morphology, semantics and pragmatics, and explores the social and historic heritage of Portuguese, its improvement and unfold on the earth, and similar sociolinguistic concerns comparable to dialect edition and language making plans. it is also a bankruptcy on Portuguese in Brazil, the place nearly eighty% of Portuguese audio system reside. Assuming little or no past wisdom of linguistic terminology, Portuguese: A Linguistic creation is designed to aid intermediate and complex scholars of Portuguese know the way the language capabilities in any respect degrees, and to offer scholars of linguistics an invaluable place to begin for paintings at the constitution of Portuguese. preserving linguistic thought to a minimal, it makes a speciality of providing the linguistic evidence in a transparent and lucid method, supplying an invaluable worldwide evaluate of the Portuguese language and its surrounding matters.
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  • Download E-books The Language of Sexual Crime PDF

    The Language of Sexual Crime explores the function of language within the development of identification of either perpetrators and sufferers of sexual violence, the ways that language is utilized in the detection of sexually-motivated crime, and the articulation/manipulation of language in police interviews, the court and the media.
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