Category: Semantics

  • Download E-books Construing Experience Through Meaning: A Language-Based Approach to Cognition (Open Linguistics Series) PDF

    This article explores how people construe adventure. this suggests adventure as a source, as a possible for realizing, representing and performing on fact. it really is by way of this capability that the details of everyday life are interpreted: they make feel simply because they're instantiations of this strength. the development of expertise is generally regarded as wisdom, having the shape of conceptual taxonomies, schemata, scripts and so forth. The authors provide an interpretation that's complementary to this, treating event now not as figuring out yet as that means; and therefore as anything that's construed in language. In different phrases, the fear is with the construal of human adventure as a semantic process; and because language performs the imperative function not just in storing and changing event but additionally in construing it, language is taken because the interpretative base. the focal point of the publication is either theoretical and descriptive. the most important descriptive part is an account of the main normal positive factors of the ideational semantics of English, that's then exemplified in time-honored textual content varieties (recipes and climate forecasts).
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  • Download E-books Discourse and Politeness: Ambivalent Face in Japanese PDF

    By Naomi Geyer

    Discourse and Politeness examines eastern institutional discourse and makes an attempt to elucidate the connection among politeness, facework and speaker identification. The ebook seeks to set up an empirically grounded research of facework because the foundation for comparing politeness, and describes facework in smooth occasions corresponding to confrontation, teasing and conversing approximately issues, that have hardly ever been mentioned in politeness stories.

    Insightful and state of the art, this examine monograph may be of curiosity to researchers in discourse research, sociolinguistics and jap language.

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  • Download E-books Conditionals and Prediction: Time, Knowledge and Causation in Conditional Constructions (Cambridge Studies in Linguistics) PDF

    This ebook bargains a brand new and in-depth research of English conditional sentences. Dancygier classifies conditional buildings in accordance with time-reference and modality. She indicates how the fundamental that means parameters of conditionality correlate to formal parameters of the linguistic buildings which are used to precise them. interested by English, the research additionally presents a framework that may be prolonged to a extensive diversity of grammatical phenomena in lots of different languages.
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  • Download E-books Vagueness: An Investigation into Natural Languages and the Sorites Paradox (Reason and Argument) PDF

    This paintings is in elements. it all started as a normal research of vagueness in average languages. The Sorites Paradox got here to dominate the paintings although, and the second one a part of the booklet is composed in an dialogue ofthat puzzle and comparable difficulties. the 1st half incorporates a common dialogue ofthe nature ofvagueness and its assets. I talk about a number of conceptions of vagueness in bankruptcy 1 and description a few of the difficulties to do with the belief of vagueness as a linguistic phenomenon. the main attention-grabbing of those is the Sorites paradox, which happens the place typical languages show a specific number of borderline case vagueness. I speak about a few assets of vagueness of the borderline case kind, and perspectives of the relation among linguistic behaviour and languages that are obscure during this feel. I argue in bankruptcy 2 that those difficulties usually are not to be simply refrained from by way of statistical averaging ideas or makes an attempt to supply a mathematical version of consensus in linguistic utilization. I additionally contemplate in bankruptcy three a variety of ways to the matter of delivering an enough common sense and semantics for obscure common languages, and argue opposed to presently renowned techniques to vagueness. those are supervaluation money owed which try and supply exact semantic types for imprecise languages in keeping with the proposal of specification areas, and makes an attempt to exchange the legislation ofclassical good judgment with platforms offuzzy common sense.
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  • Download E-books Subjectivity and Perspective in Truth-Theoretic Semantics (Oxford Studies in Semantics and Pragmatics) PDF

    This publication explores linguistic and philosophical concerns provided by means of sentences expressing own flavor, reminiscent of Roller coasters are fun, or Licorice is tasty. typical semantic theories clarify the meanings of sentences by means of specifying the stipulations lower than which they're actual; the following, Peter Lasersohn asks how we will account for sentences which are interested by issues of opinion instead of issues of truth. He argues truth-theoretic semantic thought is suitable even for sentences like those, yet that for such sentences, fact and falsity has to be assigned relative to views, instead of totally. The e-book presents an in depth and particular formal grammar, understanding the results of this perception of fact either for easy sentences and for reviews of psychological angle. The semantic research is paired with a realistic thought explaining what it capability to say a sentence that is actual or fake purely relativistically, and with a speculative account of the practical motivation for a relativized suggestion of truth.
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  • Download E-books Language Use: A Philosophical Investigation into the Basic Notions of Pragmatics (Swansea Studies in Philosophy) PDF

    Language Use deals a philosophical exam of the elemental conceptual framework of pragmatic conception, and contrasts this framework with specified descriptions of our daily practices of language use. whereas the implications could be hugely appropriate to pragmatics, the research isn't really a contribution to pragmatic idea. Drawing on Ludwig Wittgenstein's method of philosophical difficulties, Language Use brings out the relevance of Wittgenstein's easy methods to basic difficulties in vital pragmatic fields of analysis corresponding to deixis, implicatures, speech acts and presuppositions.
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  • Download E-books Semantics and the Lexicon PDF

    By James Pustejovsky (auth.), James Pustejovsky (eds.)

    The objective of this ebook is to combine the examine being conducted within the box of lexical semantics in linguistics with the paintings on wisdom illustration and lexicon layout in computational linguistics. hardly do those camps meet and speak about the calls for and matters of every other's fields. hence, this e-book is fascinating in that it offers a stimulating and targeted dialogue among the computational point of view of lexical which means and the troubles of the linguist for the semantic description of lexical goods within the context of syntactic descriptions. This booklet grew out of the papers provided at a workshop held at Brandeis collage in April, 1988, funded by way of the yankee organization for man made Intelligence. the total workshop in addition to the dialogue classes accom­ panying every one speak have been recorded. as soon as whole copies of every paper have been on hand, they have been dispensed to contributors, who have been requested to supply written reviews at the texts for evaluate reasons. VII JAMES PUSTEJOVSKY 1. advent there's at present a becoming curiosity within the content material of lexical entries from a theoretical viewpoint in addition to a turning out to be have to comprehend the association of the lexicon from a computational view. This quantity makes an attempt to outline the instructions that must be taken in an effort to in attaining the target of a coherent idea of lexical organization.

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  • Download E-books Speaking of Events PDF

    Lately the concept that an sufficient semantics of normal language demands a few thought of occasions has sparked significant debate between linguists and philosophers. Speaking of Events bargains a bright and updated indication of this debate, with emphasis accurately at the interaction among linguistic purposes and philosophical implications. each one bankruptcy has been written expressly for this quantity by way of prime authors within the box, together with Nicholas Asher, Pier Marco Bertinetto, Johannes Brandl, Denis Delfitto, Regine Eckardt, James Higginbotham, Alessandro Lenci, Terence Parsons, Alice ter Meulen, and Henk Verkuyl.
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  • Download E-books The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Language (Oxford Handbooks) PDF

    The Oxford Handbooks sequence is a tremendous new initiative in educational publishing. every one quantity deals an authoritative and up to date survey of unique examine in a selected topic zone. in particular commissioned essays from prime figures within the self-discipline supply serious examinations of the development and path of debates. Oxford Handbooks offer students and graduate scholars with compelling new views upon a variety of topics within the humanities and social sciences.

    Ernie Lepore and Barry Smith current the definitive reference paintings for this assorted and fertile box of philosophy. an exceptional foreign workforce give a contribution greater than 40 brand-new essays masking issues from the character of language to which means, fact, and reference, and the interfaces of philosophy of language with linguistics, psychology, good judgment, epistemology, and metaphysics. it is going to be an important source for a person operating within the crucial parts of philosophy, for linguists drawn to syntax, semantics, and pragmatics, and for psychologists and cognitive scientists engaged on language.
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