By Christoph Schiller
NEW 2017 variation : What determines colors? what's motion?
All shades in nature derive from the fantastic constitution consistent 1/137.035 999 1(1), the main well-known unexplained quantity in nature. What determines this number?
All movement in nature is defined both via quantum idea or through Einstein's normal relativity, theories that contradict one another. How can they be unified in a last theory?
If you get pleasure from exploring rules and checking them opposed to the true global, chances are you'll like this quantity. It first explains why the prior proposals for a last, unified thought of physics – the so-called 'theory of every thing' – have failed. Then, the textual content offers a greater notion: a last concept referred to as the strand version. This version is of the same opinion with all experimental information recognized up to now and makes transparent, falsifiable predictions. they're being established in experiments all over the world. The strand model
– predicts the traditional version of particle physics – and permits no substitute or extension,
– relies on one easy primary precept – and therefore is 'beautiful',
– predicts basic relativity – and permits no substitute or extension,
– predicts quantum conception – and permits no substitute or extension,
– and solves the open problems with the traditional version, gravitation and cosmology, together with the reason of all basic constants.
All those effects keep on with certainly from one basic precept. organize your self for a curler coaster trip trough glossy physics, and for the buzz of fixing one of many oldest physics puzzles identified. this is often an event that leads past area and time – correct to the bounds of human inspiration. for instance, the journey exhibits that the time period 'theory of every thing' is incorrect, while 'final thought' is correct.
The textual content offers an method of the ultimate, unified concept of physics with an easy foundation yet exciting implications. The version relies on featureless strands that shape house, debris and horizons; the version sums up textbook physics in one basic precept: occasions and Planck devices are crossing switches of strands.
Surprisingly, this primary precept, which matches in 3 dimensions in simple terms, permits to infer Dirac's equation (from the belt trick), the rules of thermodynamics and Einstein's box equations (from the thermodynamics of strand crossing switches). Quantum thought and normal relativity are hence came upon to be low-energy approximations of tactics on the Planck scale. particularly, strands clarify the entropy of black holes (including the numerical factor).
As one more shock, within the comparable approximation, the basic precept yields the 3 gauge teams and the Lagrangians of quantum electrodynamics, of the robust and of the susceptible interplay, together with maximal parity violation and SU(2) breaking. the 3 Lagrangians seem as a average end result of the 3 Reidemeister strikes of knot thought. The strand version doesn't allow to any extent further interplay, gauge workforce or symmetry workforce. The strand version may also be the 1st unified version predicting the 3 gauge interactions – and the shortcoming of alternative ones.
In QED, the strand version proposes an easy realizing of Feynman diagrams and of Schwinger's formulation for the anomalous magnetic second of the electron and the muon.
As a last shock, the basic precept predicts 3 fermion generations, the Higgs boson, and the shortcoming of any unknown effortless debris. The strand version therefore predicts that the normal version is the ultimate description of particle physics. The quark version and the development of all mesons and baryons are proven to stick with from strands. In different phrases, tangles of strands and their crossing switches clarify all recognized straightforward debris, all their quantum numbers, and the inability of the other undemanding debris. The strand version can be the 1st unified version predicting the simple particle spectrum.
Finally, a mode for calculating coupling constants appears to be like.