By Stuart W. Pyhrr
the second one zone of the 16th century witnessed the emergence of a brand new type of armor layout in response to the kinds and decoration present in classical artwork. Embossed in excessive aid, richly gilt, and damascened in gold and silver, those lavish parade armors all'antica have been worn by way of Renaissance kings and captains who wanted to venture an air of secrecy of strength and advantage by way of arraying themselves just like the heroes of historic Roman historical past and mythology. The new version of classically encouraged armor is continually linked to Filippo Negroli, the main cutting edge and celebrated of the well known armorers of Milan. in the Negroli relatives of armorers, Filippo used to be the simplest identified of his super profitable iteration, which incorporated his brother Francesco, a talented damascener within the provider of Emperor Charles V, and his cousin Giovan Paolo, a skilled grasp who supplied armor to the French courtroom. From huge numbers of lately exposed files within the nation, civic, and ecclesiastical information of Milan, info were gleaned of Negroli kin, their workshops and staff, marriages and deaths, estate and testamentary preparations, and enterprise dealings with consumers and fellow armorers. A digest of the records is incorporated, and a short, cogent dialogue of the manufacture and trade of hands in sixteenth-century Milan offers a context for the paintings of those gifted artists. The middle of the e-book is an intensive reexamination of all of the armors signed via Filippo Negroli. extra works are attributed to him, and misplaced works are pointed out. The authors be sure the attribution of 2 magnificently damascened armors to Francesco Negroli, they usually current Giovan Paolo Negroli's unmarried signed paintings in addition to items they think about to be his. each one armor is defined, illustrated, and positioned within the context of the maker's oeuvre; its historical past of possession is mentioned; and its remedy within the serious literature is assessed.
round those superlative examples of Renaissance armor all'antica are grouped works that display the robust impact of the Negroli on modern Italian armorers in addition to the diversity and originality of armor layout through the years 1535–55. The authors additionally contact at the resources of Renaissance armor via Greek and Roman prototypes, fourteenth- and fifteenth-century models of classical-style armor, and sixteenth-century albums of designs. within the arms of a grasp like Filippo Negroli, whose virtuoso ability at modeling in excessive reduction is unmatched within the background of metalworking, conventional army gown used to be remodeled into sculpture in metal. the extreme technical talents of the Milanese armorers, mixed with their ingenious version of ornamental motifs from the old, resembling lion and Medusa heads, wonderful creatures, and considerable foliate decoration, gave upward thrust to an unique paintings shape that conjures up the pomp and pageantry of the Renaissance courts. those valuable items, a lot of that are nonetheless a part of the royal collections they've been in because the 16th century, are generously illustrated during this publication, which serves because the catalogue of an exhibition on the Metropolitan Museum of paintings. [This ebook used to be initially released in 1998 and has long past out of print. This variation is a print-on-demand model of the unique book.]