Category: Central America

  • Download E-books From Silver to Cocaine: Latin American Commodity Chains and the Building of the World Economy, 1500-2000 (American Encounters/Global Interactions) PDF

    Demonstrating that globalization is a centuries-old phenomenon, From Silver to Cocaine examines the commodity chains that experience attached manufacturers in Latin the USA with shoppers world wide for 5 hundred years. In transparent, available essays, historians from Latin the USA, England, and the us hint the trails of lots of Latin America’s most crucial exports: espresso, bananas, rubber, sugar, tobacco, silver, henequen (fiber), fertilizers, cacao, cocaine, indigo, and cochineal (insects used to make dye). every one contributor follows a selected commodity from its inception, via its improvement and delivery, to its ultimate vacation spot within the palms of shoppers. The essays are prepared in chronological order, in accordance with whilst the creation of a specific commodity turned major to Latin America’s economic system. Some—such as silver, sugar, and tobacco—were actively produced and traded within the 16th century; others—such as bananas and rubber—only on the finish of the 19th century; and cocaine basically within the twentieth.

    By targeting altering styles of construction and intake through the years, the individuals reconstruct advanced webs of relationships and fiscal methods, highlighting Latin America’s imperative and interactive position on the planet financial system. They exhibit how alterations in espresso intake conduct, garments models, drug utilization, or tire applied sciences in Europe, Asia, and the Americas reverberate via Latin American commodity chains in profound methods. The social and monetary results of the continent’s export adventure were combined. through examining the dynamics of quite a lot of commodities over a five-hundred-year interval, From Silver to Cocaine highlights this variety even as that it offers a foundation for comparability and issues to new methods of doing worldwide history.

    Contributors. Marcelo Bucheli, Horacio Crespo, Zephyr Frank, Paul Gootenberg, Robert Greenhill, Mary Ann Mahony, Carlos Marichal, David McCreery, Rory Miller, Aldo Musacchio, Laura Nater, Ian learn, Mario Samper, Steven Topik, Allen Wells

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  • Download E-books Confronting the American Dream: Nicaragua under U.S. Imperial Rule (American Encounters/Global Interactions) PDF

    By Michel Gobat

    Michel Gobat deftly interweaves political, financial, cultural, and diplomatic background to research the reactions of Nicaraguans to U.S. intervention of their nation from the heyday of show up future within the mid–nineteenth century during the U.S. career of 1912–33. Drawing on wide examine in Nicaraguan and U.S. records, Gobat money owed for 2 seeming paradoxes that experience lengthy eluded historians of Latin the US: that Nicaraguans so strongly embraced U.S. political, fiscal, and cultural types to shield their very own nationality opposed to U.S. imposition and that the country’s wealthiest and such a lot Americanized elites have been remodeled from best supporters of U.S. imperial rule into a few of its maximum opponents.

    Gobat focuses totally on the reactions of the elites to Americanization, as the strength and id of those Nicaraguans have been the main considerably plagued by U.S. imperial rule. He describes their adoption of points of “the American lifestyle” within the mid–nineteenth century as strategic instead of wholesale. Chronicling the U.S. profession of 1912–33, he argues that the anti-American flip of Nicaragua’s so much Americanized oligarchs stemmed principally from the efforts of U.S. bankers, marines, and missionaries to unfold their very own model of the yank dream. partially, the oligarchs’ reversal mirrored their discomfort over the Nineteen Twenties upward push of Protestantism, the “modern woman,” and different “vices of modernity” emanating from the USA. however it additionally answered to the accidental ways in which U.S. modernization efforts enabled peasants to weaken landlord strength. Gobat demonstrates that the U.S. career so profoundly affected Nicaragua that it helped engender the Sandino uprising of 1927–33, the Somoza dictatorship of 1936–79, and the Sandinista Revolution of 1979–90.

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  • Download E-books Racism and Discourse in Spain and Latin America (Discourse Approaches to Politics, Society and Culture) PDF

    This new ebook extends Teun A. van Dijk’s past learn on discursive racism to the Latin international. He provides a primary stock of elite discourse and racism in Spain and Latin the US by way of studying discursive reactions in Spain to fresh immigration, in addition to age-old racism and ethnicism in textual content and speak in Latin the USA (especially Mexico, Brazil, Argentina and Chile). via cautious research of the media, political discourse, textbooks and different public discourses in those international locations he indicates that discursive euro-racism is ubiquitous additionally in international locations open air Europe. Spain reproduces, yet as but in a much less radical means, the type of racist discourse we discover somewhere else in Western Europe. In Latin the United States, ethnicism and racism opposed to the indigenous peoples and opposed to Afrolatins has prevailed in elite discourse when you consider that colonialism and slavery.
    This is the 1st built-in learn of discursive racism within the Latin global and gives an invaluable framework for related study.
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  • Download E-books Encyclopedia of Contemporary Latin American and Caribbean Cultures (Encyclopedias of Contemporary Culture)(3 Volume Set) PDF

    This gigantic three-volume Encyclopedia bargains greater than 4000 entries on all elements of the dynamic and fascinating modern cultures of Latin the USA and the Caribbean. Its insurance is exceptional with greater than forty areas mentioned and a time-span of 1920 to the current day. "Culture" is largely outlined to incorporate foodstuff, activity, faith, tv, delivery, along structure, dance, movie, literature, tune and sculpture. The foreign workforce of individuals contain many that are established in Latin the United States and the Caribbean making this the main crucial, authoritative and genuine Encyclopedia for somebody learning Latin American and Caribbean studies.
    Key good points include:
    * over 4000 entries starting from vast evaluate entries which supply context for basic matters to shorter, authentic or biographical pieces
    * articles through bibliographic references which supply a place to begin for additional research
    * broad cross-referencing and thematic and neighborhood contents lists direct clients to correct articles and support map a path in the course of the entries
    * a finished index offers extra information.
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  • Download E-books Images and Intervention: U.S. Policies in Latin America (Pitt Latin American Series) PDF

    By Martha L. Cottam

    Cottam explains the styles of U.S. intervention in Latin the United States by way of targeting the cognitive photos that experience ruled coverage makers' international perspectives, motivated the procession of knowledge, and proficient options and tactics.  She employs a few case reviews of intervention and analyzes decision-making styles from the early years of the chilly warfare in Guatemala and Cuba to the post-cold-war regulations in Panama and the conflict on medications in Peru.  utilizing specific images-the enemy and the dependent-Cottam explores why U.S. coverage makers were predisposed to interfere in Latin the USA after they have perceived an enemy (the Soviet Union) interacting with a based (a Latin American country), and why those photographs ended in perceptions that persevered to dominate coverage into the post-cold-war era. 
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  • Download E-books Cities Of Hope: People, Protests, And Progress In Urbanizing Latin America, 1870-1930 PDF

    By Ronn F Pineo

    This groundbreaking booklet explores the connection among the impression of urbanization at the operating classification in Latin American towns and the diversity of responses by means of that crew within the years among 1870 and 1930. not like city geographies or political histories, the chapters of this collaborative quantity specialize in the folk of those towns, specifically the operating men and women who have been confronted with the ramifications of the changes occurring round them.Each contributor presents unique learn and research on a specific urban and addresses 3 middle questions. First, what have been the conditions for operating men and women within the growing to be towns in early twentieth-century Latin the USA? moment, how did this inhabitants reply to the issues they confronted and act to enhance the standard in their lives? And, 3rd, what conditions and what techniques have been probably to have an enduring effect? The case experiences display how exploring the styles of operating type’ reaction presents the main to realizing the political means of the city social reform.Filling major gaps within the literature on Latin American social heritage, operating type historical past, and the heritage of urbanization, Cities of Hope is written in a transparent, available variety, making it an outstanding selection for path adoption in periods on city stories, sociology, or Latin American heritage in addition to an important reference for scholars.
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  • Download E-books Frommer's Costa Rica 2008 (Frommer's Complete Guides) PDF

    By Eliot Greenspan

    Thoroughly up-to-date each year (unlike lots of the competition), Frommer's Costa Rica positive factors beautiful colour photographs of the luxurious rain woodland, the fantastic array of natural world, and the extraordinary seashores that anticipate you. in my view researched by means of an established resident, it is the simply actually updated consultant that provides you such in-depth insurance of this fast-changing state, with steered lodgings in each rate class. you will stopover at rugged desolate tract preserves and sleepy seashore cities, brilliant orchid gardens and mineral scorching springs on the foot of a steaming volcano. There are adventures the following to fit every age and talents: swooping from treetop platform to treetop platform on a cover travel, taking a dip in a jungle swimming gap, recognizing playful spider monkeys as you hike via lush foliage, windsurfing on Lake Arenal, or gazing endangered sea turtles nest at the seashore. With Frommer's in hand, you will adventure the beauty of Costa Rica's extraordinary biodiversity, as we indicate the easiest locations to work out 1000's of distinctive, colourful species of animals and crops. you will even get a colour fold-out map!
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  • Download E-books Tropics of History: Cuba Imagined PDF

    This research deals a special point of view in reading the cultural politics of Cuba's advanced historical past via an exploration of the country's literature. The ebook introduces readers to a few of Cuba's most outstanding and fascinating voices via studying a few of the historic tropes positioned forth by way of significant writers. Drawing on an array of interpretive techniques from mythopoetic research to phenomenology, West addresses the paintings of Nancy Morejón, Alejo Carpentier, Virgilio Piñera, Dulce María Loynaz, José Lezama Lima, and Severo Sarduy. This poetic examine Cuba's wealthy and turbulent heritage in the course of the eyes of its writers might be of curiosity to scholars and students of Latin American historical past and culture.

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  • Download E-books Workers' Control in Latin America, 1930-1979 PDF

    The years among 1930 and 1979 witnessed a interval of extreme hard work job in Latin the United States as employees participated in moves, unionization efforts, and populist and progressive routine. the 10 unique essays AEMDNMOin this quantity learn sugar mill seizures in Cuba, oil nationalization and railway moves in Mexico, the tried revolution in Guatemala, railway nationalization and Peronism in Argentina, Brazil's cloth moves, the Bolivian revolution of 1952, Peru's copper moves, and the copper nationalization in Chile--all vital nationwide occasions within which commercial employees performed severe roles. Demonstrating an illuminating, bottom-up method of Latin American hard work heritage, those essays examine the standard acts by which staff tried to say extra keep watch over over the paintings procedure and thereby upload dignity to their lives. operating jointly, they have been capable of convey store ground struggles to public awareness and--at yes severe junctures--to impact occasions on a countrywide scale. The participants are Andrew Boeger, Michael Marconi Braga, Jonathan C. Brown, Josh DeWind, Marc Christian McLeod, Michael Snodgrass, Andrea Spears, Joanna Swanger, Maria Celina Tuozzo, and Joel Wolfe.

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  • Download E-books U.S. Policy in Central America PDF

    "An very good research of the evolution of U. S. relevant American guidelines less than the Carter and Reagan administrations that exposes the jobs performed via competing strategic visions and bureaucratic curiosity teams in shaping of the main dramatic mess ups in contemporary U.S. international policy." --Andrew A. Reding, Hemispheric Affairs Fellow, international coverage Institute
    Under Carter and Reagan, U.S. international coverage in the direction of valuable the United States failed. during this fascinating learn, Dario Moreno explains how coverage in these administrations was once made, tracing its failure to a overseas coverage institution stricken by department and absence of consensus.
         Moreno indicates that during Nicaragua, El Salvador, Panama, and Cuba, Carter and Reagan performed out dramatically varied 3rd international recommendations and that neither Carter’s liberal internationalists nor Reagan’s rollback theorists understood the truth of progressive alterations in these countries.
         Moreno’s research attracts unprecedented authenticity from his interviews and discussions with a dozen key significant American coverage makers in all the administrations and with eminent political figures in Honduras, Nicaragua, and Costa Rica, between them, Patricia Derian, assistant secretary of country for human rights less than Carter; Elliot Abrams, Reagan’s assistant secretary of nation for human rights; and previous president of Honduras, José Azocona.
    Political scientists, historians, Latin Americanists, and educated vital the USA watchers will welcome U.S. coverage in important the US for its considerate research and as a blueprint for figuring out competing ranks and divisions in the country Department’s policy-making circles.
    Dario Moreno is assistant professor of political technological know-how at Florida overseas University.
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